District Profile

Kanpur Dehat is surrounded by districts Kanpur-Nagar, Hamirpur, Jalaun, Etawah, Kannauj. River Yamuna divides Kanpur Dehat & Jalaun. Name Kanpur is a transformed version of its original name Kanhapur given by the two rulers Hindu Singh of Sachendi and Ghanshyam Singh of Ramaipur. The british ruler Hobson Johnson found the word difficult to pronounce and he changed it to Cawnpore. Later it came close to its name as Kanpur.

Kanpur Divided into two district namely Kanpur-Nagar and Kanpur-Dehat in year 1977. Reunited again in year 1979. Again seperated in year 1981. District was renamed as Kanpur Dehat by 1857/1-5-2010-114-2010-Ra0-5 dated 1-7-2010. The district has been renamed as Kanpur Dehat vide notification No.946/1-5-2012-123/2012-Rev.-5, dated July 30,2012.


District Map


Geographic Features

  • Geographic Features : 26N to 25 55'N latitude : 79"30'E to 80"E Longitude.
  • River Yamuna divides Kanpur Dehat and Jalaun.
  • Area of 3021 Sq.Kms.
  • Rivers in Kanpur Dehat -> Isan, 16 Kms;Southern None,26; Northern None, 55 Kms;Sengur, 63 Kms;Pandu, 30 Kms; Rind, 115 Kms.
  • AMSL - 471 feets.

  • Historical Background

    Name Kanpur is a transformed version of its original name Kanhapur given by the two rulers Hindu Singh of Sachendi and Ghanshyam Singh of Ramaipur. The british ruler Hobson Johnson found the word difficult to pronounce and he changed it to Cawnpore. Later it came close to its name as Kanpur. The independent emergence of its new district recorded historical pangs.

  • Kanpur was divided into two districts i.e. Kanpur-Nagar and Kanpur Dehat in year 1977.
  • Reunited again in year 1979.
  • Again seperated in year 1981.
  • The decision of establishing the District Headquarters in Akbarpur(MATI).
  • The District was renamed as Kanpur Dehat as on 3-July-2010.
  • The District has been renamed as Kanpur Dehat on 30-July-2012.
  • Kanpur Dehat has 05 Tehsils and 10 Development Blocks. There are 102 Nyay Panchayats and 612 Gram Sabhas in this district. The distribution of Development Block in Tehsils is given in the following table:


    Tehsils, Development Blocks and No. of Gram panchayats in Kanpur Dehat

    S.N. Name of Tehsil Name of Block No of Gram panchayats
    1 Akbarpur Akberpur
    Maitha
    Sharwankhera
    59
    70
    54
    2 Derapur Derapur
    Jhinjhak
    53
    47
    3 Rashoolabad Rashoolabad 86
    4 Bhognipur Amraudha
    Malasha
    69
    61
    5 Sikandra Sandalpur
    Rajpur
    53
    60
    l Tota 10 612

    Number of Administrative Units

    Administrative Units Number
    Villages 1032
    Nagar Palika Parisad 1
    Town Areas 8
    Nyaya Panchayats 102
    Gram Sabhas 612
    Development Blocks 10
    Tehsils 5
    1. Average rainfall is 840 mm.
    2. Temperature goes maximum 47.8 ° C in summer.
    3. Temperature goes minimum 4 ° C in winter.

    Population Structure of District Kanpur Dehat

    Particulars 2001 2011
    Actual Population 1,563,336 1,796,184
    Male 844,339 963,255
    Female 718,997 832,929
    Population Growth 19.96% 14.89%
    Area Sq. Km 3,021 3,021
    Density / km2 517 595
    Proportion to Uttar Pradesh Population 0.94% 0.90%
    Sex Ratio (Per 1000) 852 865
    Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age) 892 897
    Average Literacy 66.44 75.78
    Male Literacy 76.39 83.45
    Female Literacy 54.64 66.86
    Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 280,435 251,965
    Male Population (0-6 Age) 148,199 132,839
    Female Population (0-6 Age) 132,236 119,126
    Literates 852,350 1,170,243
    Male Literates 531,763 692,964
    Female Literates 320,587 477,279
    Child Proportion (0-6 Age) 17.94% 14.03%
    Boys Proportion (0-6 Age) 17.55% 13.79%
    Girls Proportion (0-6 Age) 18.39% 14.30%
    Description Urban Rural
    Population (%) 9.66 % 90.34 %
    Total Population 173,423 1,622,761
    Male Population 91,747 871,508
    Female Population 81,676 751,253
    Sex Ratio 890 862
    Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 872 899
    Child Population (0-6) 22,287 229,678
    Child Percentage (0-6) 12.85 % 14.15 %
    Male Child Percentage 12.98 % 13.88 %
    Female Child Percentage 12.71 % 14.48 %
    Literates 120,857 1,049,386
    Male Literates 67,813 625,151
    Female Literates 53,044 424,235
    Average Literacy 79.97 % 75.33 %
    Male Literates 84.94 % 83.29 %
    Female Literates 74.40 % 66.03 %

    Minor Irrigation

    1. No. of surface pump-sets......................675
    2. No. of diesel pump-sets....................37,549
    3. No. of private Pump-sets (electrical)..2,265
    4. Total command area.....................3,10,424 hectare
    5. Net irrigated area through MI..........1,37,579 hectare

    The department has made a target of installing 400 pump-sets and 60 deep well boring in every year and it is expected that by the year 2010 the department is able to install 4000 ordinary boring and pump-set and 600 deep well boring and pump-sets creating additional irrigated area of 19,200 hectare.


    Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

    S. No. Farming system/enterprise
    1 Rice – Wheat & Rice – Mustard
    2 Jowar- Wheat & Bajra- Wheat
    3 Rice – Gram & Maize – Potato – Wheat
    4 Jowar – Pigeon Pea & Rice – Pea
    5 Maize – Pigeon pea & Rice Toria Wheat

    Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

    S. N. Agro - Climatic Zone Characteristics
    1 Central Plane Zone Semi-arid, Max. Temp 45.60C Min. Temp. 60C, Rainfall 780-825 mm. Alluvial soil, originated from the Ganges and its territories, loamy sand to loam and well drained
    S. N. Agro Ecological Situation Characteristics
    1 AES - I Sandy loam texture, light grey to light brown or light yellowish color, normal to light sodic nature, medium to high sodic nature, medium to high sodic nature, sodic land poorly drained, normal soil well drained, poor fertility status, deficit in nitrogen and organic matter, slope ranges between 1-3% slight to moderate soil erosion.
    2 AES - II Light loam to silty loam texture, light brown to almost brown colour, light to high sodic nature of soil and are available in lower parts and depressions, high water soluble salt in sodic soils, sodic soils poor drained, normal soil well drained, good water holding capacity, slope ranges between 1-3%, slight to moderate soil erosion.
    3 AES - III Silty to silty loam, clay loam texture, grey to dark grey colour, low water soluble salts and less in sodic nature, kankers layer appear after few depth, moderately well drained to well drained, deficient in nitrogen and organic matter, good water holding capacity, medium responsible to fertilizer application, slope ranges between 1-3% slight to moderate soil erosion.
    3 AES - IV SSandy loam to loam texture (like to parwa), brown to yellowish brown colour, normal to less alkaline, medium water soluble salts, well drained, poor to moderate organic matter, low mater stable, responsible to fertilizer application, slope ranges between 3-1% moderate to severe soil erosion.

    Soil Types

    S. N. Soil Types Characteristics Area in ha
    1 Ganga Recent Alluvial Soil Sandy loam – loam, grey to brown colour, Normal to light soil nature, poorly drained, poor fertility, soil-slop-1-3% 2.20 lakh ha
    2 Ganga Flat Soil Loam to silty loam texture, brown to almond brown colour light to high sodic nature, well drained, good water holding capacity, slope ranges between 1-3% 2.20 lakh ha
    3 Ganga Up Land Loamy sand to sandy loam, brown colour, medium to good water holding capacity, well drained, slope ranges between 1-5% 2.20 lakh ha
    4 Ganga Low Land Silty to silty loam, grey to dark grey colour, kanker layer appear after few depth, moderately well drained to well drained, good water holding capacity, slope range 1-3% 0.32 lakh ha
    5 Yamuna Flat Soil Sandy loam to loam soil, medium alkaline, water soluble salt, calcarius up to few depth, moderately well drained moderate water holding capacity slope range – 3 – 10% 0.63 lakh ha
    6 Problematic Soil PH value more than 9.5 (usar soils) 0.56 lakh ha.
    7 Yamuna recent alluvial soil Sandy loam to loamy texture, brown to yellowish brown colour, medium water soluble salt, well drained, low water table, slope ranges between 3-10% moderate to severe soil erosion. 0.56 lakh ha.

    Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

    S. N. Crop Area (ha) Production Q) Productivity (Q /ha)
    1 Wheat 103250 313363 34.53
    2 Rice 73585 249882 26.15
    3 Maize 14787 2276.0 15.39
    4 Bajra 9460 1421.3 15.02
    5 Jowar 14979 2497.0 16.67
    6 Moong 84 24.0 2.86
    7 Gram 23538 3063.1 13.01
    8 Pea 8299 1642.3 19.79
    9 Arhar 10465 2382.1 22.76
    10 Rape seed/ Mustard 29973 4242.2 14.15
    11 Potato 4801 434346.1 122.50

    Weather Data

    Month Rainfall (mm) Temperature (C) Relative Humidity (%)
    April, 2014 4.4 Maximum : 37.1
    Minimum : 16.6
    Maximum : 62.6
    Minimum : 40.9
    April, 2014 0.0 Maximum : 39.6
    Minimum : 21.9
    Maximum : 56.5
    Minimum : 33.3
    June,2014 25.3 Maximum : 41.4
    Minimum : 24.8
    Maximum : 61.3
    Minimum : 34.8
    July, 2014 213.6 Maximum : 34.8
    Minimum : 24.3
    Maximum : 83.3
    Minimum : 63.3
    August, 2014 52.9 Maximum : 34.6
    Minimum : 27.1
    Maximum : 83.1
    Minimum : 63.5
    September, 2014 136.3 Maximum : 33.2
    Minimum : 25.2
    Maximum : 88.4
    Minimum : 72.0
    October,2014 60.4 Maximum : 32.1
    Minimum : 20.2
    Maximum : 86.8
    Minimum : 52.9
    November,2014 0.0 Maximum : 28.8
    Minimum : 12.7
    Maximum : 83.5
    Minimum : 40.6
    December, 2014 16.8 Maximum : 20.7
    Minimum : 8.8
    Maximum : 91.5
    Minimum : 58.1
    January, 2015 24.1 Maximum : 16.6
    Minimum : 8.9
    Maximum : 96.0
    Minimum : 77.0
    February,2015 0.8 Maximum : 25.3
    Minimum : 12.6
    Maximum : 92.6
    Minimum : 58.6
    March,2015 170.3 Maximum : 28.3
    Minimum : 15.4
    Maximum : 86.4
    Minimum : 56.8